Friday afternoon we had a new athlete in. He's 9 years old and a rock star. Seriously, he's one of the most coachable young athletes I've worked with. One of our new interns was tasked to take him through his warm up and workout (with my oversight). Intern did a pretty good job, for his first time coaching. Again, our new athlete was pretty coachable so he had an easier first client.
A few days before I gave an in-service on coaching the deadlift and squat. Since most new athletes learn to goblet squat on Day 1, I was excited to see what he had retained.
I will replay the conversation as best I can:
Intern: Ok, we're going to squat to this box. I want you to push back you butt, turn out your toes a little, try not to pick up your toes, but it's ok if they come up a little bit. I want you to lean forward, but not too much, and try to keep your knees out. The most important thing I want you to do is push your butt back, ok? (Intern looks at Athlete with a hopeful and eager expression) Do you know what you need to do?
Athlete: (blank stare) No.
What happened? Intern gave Athlete all the information he needed to execute a perfect squat.
Intern gave Athlete too much information.
One of the points I made during the coaching in-service was to avoid over-cuing. Providing to much information to someone, particularly someone learning a new skill, will lead to system overload and, usually, a poorly executed movement.
As coaches (or teachers of anything really) we must remember that while we know all the major points and nuances of an exercise, our trainees do not. It's even more pronounced in brand-new lifters. General lifting habits such as hinging from the hips, chest up, tight mid-section etc. are not automatic so they have to consciously think about those things along with the new movement itself.
I, too, crashed-and-burned when I first started coaching. There were just so many things that my clients needed to know when it came to learning a new exercise, that I felt I couldn't leave anything out. I quickly learned that by cuing only one or two major points (i.e. the most important), clients a) learned the movement more quickly, and b) they didn't stare at me as if I had sprouted antennae out of my head.
Coaches: Throwing out a dozen cues will only frustrate and confuse your athlete and the movement deteriorates to the level of "poop" rapidly. Highlight the one or two most useful points and then let the athlete/client try to perform the movement. Once a client masters the big things, then you can move on to fixing/cuing the smaller things.
Mike Robertson recently had a fantastic article on cuing the squat and deadlift HERE. It's the epitome of minimalist coaching.
Coaches and teachers of any sort will do well to remember that "less is more" when it comes to teaching new skills!