Movement Patterning: The Why and the How. I love lifting weights. I think it's safe to say that every single person who works for SAPT, also loves lifting weights. Sometimes the very thought that people exist who actually don't enjoy the process of picking heavy objects up and putting them down again, keeps me up at night. How could you not enjoy this...
That's 462 pounds!! Insane!
BUT, before I was able to enjoy dropping down into a nice deep squat with 225 pounds on my back, I had to learn how to actually perform a proper squat in the first place. You can't be strong without first being proficient. Words to live by.
As you may have gathered, today I want to talk about the importance of becoming proficient at a movement pattern PRIOR to becoming strong at a movement pattern. It may seem obvious, but it's something that a lot of beginner lifters get wrong, and it's something that we hold in high regard when progressing our own athletes. In my opinion, possessing the ability to teach a new movement to a beginning lifter, is just as valuable (if not more so) then the ability to progress a lifter's strength levels. This is what separates the good coaches from the great coaches, and our track record of teaching proper lifting mechanics speaks for itself.
It may seem crazy, but I've heard stories of coaches attempting to lower an athlete's squat depth by loading up the bar with more weight then they can handle and telling them to squat and hold it at the bottom, essentially using a large load to "push" the athlete into a deeper squat. I hope it's obvious to you how poor of a strategy this can be. Unsafe, unreliable, and unacceptable, we prefer to use much safer and more effective methods at SAPT.
During the first 6-8 weeks of lifting, the "gains" that a beginning lifter experiences is mainly a result of increases in neuromuscular efficiency. Let's take the squat for example... When you first start squatting, your body needs to adjust to the demands of the movement. Rarely can a beginner drop down into a perfect bodyweight squat without falling backward, and even more rarely are they able to do it with a barbell on their back. It's a completely new movement, and a completely new demand that we're asking our body to undertake.
Muscles are stupid. They're "good soldiers" in that they simply accept commands and follow them through. Movement originates in our central nervous system. The motor cortex of our brain is termed the "motor control center," and it's job is to send commands down our spinal cord, through our efferent nerve fibers, and into our muscles. Our muscles then perform their role as "good soldiers" and provide a response in the form of movement. Only once these motor patterns are cemented down as reliable, effective motor programs, should we begin loading these movement and training strength. Remember, like Gray Cook says, movement quality over movement quantity.
Now how do we actually go about training movements and getting our athlete's proficient at them? Drills. Sport coaches have their players perform drills in practice in order to reinforce positioning, technique, and play proficiency. It simply makes sense that one would apply similar tactics to teaching someone a new skill such as deadlifting. Let's take a look at a couple of exercises that we use at SAPT in order to teach our athletes proper deadlift technique.
The Dowel Rod Hip Hinge
This drill is our "go-to" exercise when it comes to teaching our beginner athletes proper deadlift technique. By performing this drill properly, the athlete learns how to organize their spine in a nice, neutral fashion, and hinge at the hips instead of at the knees. This drills a great "intro" to deadlifting, but is also useful as an activation drill for more experienced lifters and acts as a good "grease the groove" movement. We'll often include this drill in an athletes warm-up, their A series, or throughout the session. Below is an example of a deadlift day template where the hip hinge drill is used to groove the deadlift pattern.
BR KB Deadlift ISO
We use this next drill to teach our athletes how to set up properly and gain confidence in the bottom position. We've found it works very well to teach out clients how to properly engage their glutes, and we add a dynamic component to order to really get those suckers to fire during the lift.
This certainly isn't a comprehensive list of drills that we employ of SAPT, but they're effective and powerful tools for teaching proper mechanics. Jarrett Brummett, our on-staff Massage Therapist, brings up a few other drills and shows you the proper way to implement his creations in the post: 4 Drills to Clean Up a Hinge Pattern. I hope that this article helped you in some way, and please feel free to reach out if you have any questions at all. Enjoy your Thursday!
BONUS: Below is a snapshot of some of the other drills variations that ConcentricBrain has to offer!